Golden Temple, Amritsar, Punjab

Sri Harmandir Sahib (Lord's Residence) (Punjabi: ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ), also Sri Darbar Sahib (Punjabi: ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ,), unofficially referred to as the Golden Temple, is the most sacred Sikhism Gurdwara, located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India. Amritsar (literally, the pool of nectar of eternity) was founded in 1577 by the 4th Sikh teacher, Guru Ram Das. 5th Sikh teacher, Guru Arjan, designing Harmandir Sahib was built in the middle of this sacred pond, and at the time of construction, Adi Granth, the holy book of Sikhism, was installed in Harmandir Sahib. The Harmandir Sahib complex is also home to Akal Takht (eternal throne, consisting of the 6th Teacher, Guru Hargobind). While Harmandir Sahib is considered to be the residence of God's spiritual attributes, Akal Takht is God's temporary seat of power.

The Harmandir Sahib Development is intended to build a place of worship for men and women from all walks of life and all religions to come and worship God in equality. Therefore, as a nonsectarian universality of Sikhism, Teacher Arjan has specifically invited the Sufi Muslim saint, Hazrat Mian Mir to lay the foundation stone of Harmandir Sahib. The four entrances (representing the four directions) to enter Harmandir Sahib also symbolize the openness of Sikhs to all people and religions. More than 100,000 people visit the holy temple every day to worship, and also participate together in the community kitchen and free food (Langar) regardless of any differences, a tradition that is characteristic of all Sikh Gurdwaras.

The Gurdwara which was currently renovated in 1764 by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia with help from other Sikh Missions. In the early 19th century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh secured the Punjab area from outside attacks and covered the gurdwara's upper floor with 750 kg of gold, which gave him a distinctive appearance and English name.

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