Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or mausoleum of Mausolo was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC in Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) to Mausolo, a satrap of the Achaemenid Empire, and Artemisia II of Cária, his sister and wife. The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pytheus.

It was approximately 45 meters high, and each of its four sides was adorned with reliefs created by each of the four Greek sculptors - Buraxis, Scopas of Paros, Leocarés and Timóteo. The finished structure was considered to be an aesthetic triumph by Antipater of Sidon, who identified it as one of its seven wonders of the ancient world. The word mausoleum has come to be used generically for any grand tomb, although "MAUSOLEUM - Eion" originally meant "associated with Mausolo". The building was destroyed by successive earthquakes from the 12th to the 15th century.